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Abalance – Turning Japanese? We really don’t think so エーバランス – 日本 企業 化 そんなことは ない だろ う

May 17, 2023 – Abalance (TYO:3856) is a Japanese corporation which purports to be a solar panel manufacturer. Approximately 90% of the company’s revenues are derived from its Vietnamese subsidiary, Vietnam Sunergy Joint Stock Corporation (VSUN).

  • Abalance’s golden goose, Vietnam Sunergy Joint Stock Company (VSUN), is a pass-through assembly plant for Chinese products. It serves the sole purpose of avoiding US Anti-Dumping and CounterVailing Duties (AD/CVD).
  • VSUN’s Vietnamese facilities manufacturing capabilities are limited to the least technically complex later stages of solar panel assembly.
  • VSUN import data shows that it purchases effectively all its components from Chinese suppliers, which it assembles in Vietnam to circumvent Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties in the USA: its major market.
  • Abalance’s solar panels will be subject to crippling restrictions by the USA’s Department of Commerce (DoC) set to take effect in June 2024. These restrictions are aimed at companies in Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, and Cambodia functioning as pass-throughs for Chinese-made solar panels and components.
  • VSUN was acquired by Abalance subsidiary Fuji Solar in 2019. It was previously a subsidiary of the China Sunergy Group (CSUN). CSUN was a US-listed Chinese solar panel supplier pretending to be a solar panel manufacturer. In reality, its business operations were more akin to a chop-shop.
  • VSUN’s supply chain includes Chinese companies linked to forced labor camps in Xinjiang widely known to use the Uyghur ethnic minority as a forced labor workforce.
  • Despite fully consolidating VSUN and stating it owns ~85% of VSUN, Abalance is only entitled to 43% of VSUN’s earnings (but apparently all the costs) due an opaque corporate structure.

We believe Abalance is complicit in evading US AD/CVD order and will find itself shut out from the US in June 2024, if not sooner. The links between VSUN and CSUN are well known, and we believe the DoC will act on this matter. Abalance is extremely dependent on VSUN, making up 88% of sales in FY 2022.

Even if VSUN’s cell manufacturing site is developed on-schedule and does not circumvent AD/CVD orders, production capacity will be more than halved for the medium-long term, destroying margins and shareholder value.

VSUN appears to be substantially run by former CSUN partners.

In light of these extreme risks, we believe that Abalance is not investible.


エーバランスは、ソーラーパネルメーカーを名乗る日本企業である。同社の収益の約90%は、ベトナムの子会社であるVietnam Sunergy Joint Stock Corporation (VSUN)から得られています。

  • エーバランスの黄金のガチョウであるVietnam Sunergy Joint Stock Company(VSUN)は、中国製品のパススルー組立工場である。米国のアンチダンピング関税とカウンターベーリング関税(AD/CVD)を回避することを唯一の目的としています。
  • VSUN社のベトナム工場は、製造能力がソーラーパネル組み立ての最も技術的に複雑でない後工程に限定されている。
  • VSUNの輸入データによると、主要市場である米国のアンチダンピング関税や相殺関税を回避するために、実質的にすべての部品を中国のサプライヤーから購入し、ベトナムで組み立てていることがわかる。
  • エーバランスのソーラーパネルは、2024年6月に施行される米国商務省(DoC)による厳しい規制の対象となります。この規制は、ベトナム、タイ、マレーシア、カンボジアの企業が中国製のソーラーパネルやコンポーネントのパススルーとして機能していることを対象としています。
  • VSUNは、2019年にエーバランスの子会社であるFUJI SOLARが買収した。以前はChina Sunergy Group (CSUN)の子会社だった。CSUNは米国に上場していた中国のソーラーパネルメーカーのふりをしたサプライヤーだった。実際には、その事業運営は、よりチョップショップ(盗んだ車を解体して部品を売る店)に近いものであった。
  • VSUNのサプライチェーンには、ウイグル族を強制労働力として使用することで広く知られている新疆ウイグル自治区の強制労働収容所と関係のある中国企業が含まれています。
  • VSUNを完全に統合し、VSUNの85%を所有していると表明しているにもかかわらず、エーバランスは意図的に不透明で複雑な国際的企業構造において、同社の43%しか所有していない。

我々は、エーバランスが米国のAD/CVD命令を回避することに加担しており、早ければ2024年6月に米国から締め出されることになると考えている。VSUN と CSUN の関係はよく知られており、DoC はこの件に関して行動を起こすと信じている。エーバランス は VSUN に極めて依存しており、2022 年度の売上高の 88%を占めている。




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